MAJOR TRADE CENTER OF THE GREAT SILK ROAD
In the western part of the Fergana Valley is one of the ancient cities of Uzbekistan – the city of Kokand. In ancient times Kokand had another name – Khukand or Havokand. For the first time in such a mention, he appeared in the annals of the 10th century. Kokand played an important role in the life of the shopping center on the Great Silk Road and in the 13th century, but unfortunately, like most Central Asian cities, it was destroyed by the Mongols.
Kokand achieved its greatest glory in the 18th century, when it became the capital of the developed and wealthy Kokand Khanate. In the first half of the 18th century, not far from the present city (then the territory of the Bukhara emirate), the founder of the dynasty of Kokand khans laid the fortress of Eski Kurgan (1732), with which the new Kokand itself began, soon received the old name, which now sounded as Khuk-kand “-” Kabaniy city “. Originally, it was a small, detached from the Bukhara emirate, possession, but gradually it expanded territorially.
Kokand reached its peak of development and power in the first half of the 19th century, at that time part of modern Uzbekistan, part of southern Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and China, as well as Tashkent and Shymkent, was part of the Kokand Khanate. The Kokand Khanate was a powerful state and a promising trade and religious center. There were more than 300 mosques and dozens of madrassas.
During its existence, the Kokand Khanate was ruled by 29 rulers, one of whom was Khudoyar Khan, the last khan. Unfortunately, he was famous only for his cruelty and greed. During the reign he lost his throne four times and again won it.
In his era, great work was carried out to improve the city: Guzars, mosques, and madrassas were built. In the second half of the XIX century, the struggle for power began between the Bukhara, Khiva and Kokand khanates. Taking advantage of this, Russia began an aggressive campaign against Central Asia. In 1868, on the basis of the treaty, the Kokand khan was equated with his rights to the vassal of the Russian Empire. This concludes the history of the Kokand Khanate, which existed for almost 170 years.
MEDRES NORBUT BIIA
PALACE OF KHUDOYAR-KHAN
HOUSE-MUSEUM OF HAMZA
LOCAL HISTORY MUSEUM