ANCIENT CENTER OF BUDDHISM – TERMEZ
One of the most ancient cities of Central Asia is the city of Termez. This historic city is located on the right bank of the Amu Darya River. The ancient and great history of the city is evidenced by numerous archaeological finds that make it possible to follow the life of Termez.
During its centuries-old history, the city of Termez has seen many rulers, raids, it burned, plundered, destroyed and captured, but every time it revived again and again. Starting from the 5th century, the board in Termez passed from hand to hand. Ephthalites and Sassanids rule 5-6 centuries, and Termezshahi – 7 century, the Arabs – in the 8th century, and Seljuks, Ghaznavids and Karakhanids – 9-12th centuries. His cultural and scientific bloom Termez experienced in the 11-12 centuries. At this time trade, craft and science began to develop. This allowed the city to rebuild. In 1206 the city became part of the state of Khorezmshah. In 1220, after a two-day siege, the city was destroyed by the troops of Genghis Khan, after the inhabitants refused to surrender peacefully.
The new city was decided to rebuild east of the former – the ruined one. After his visit to Termez, Castilian Ambassador Rue Gonzalez de Clavijo described him as follows: “… When we entered the city, we walked for so long through yards and crowded streets that tired and angry people came home”
Already in the 19th century a new city began to be built in the south of its former location in the late Middle Ages, closer to the Amu Darya River.
A significant role in the development and ideology of ancient Termez played Buddhism (in the I-VII centuries). Not far from Termez, during archaeological work, ancient Buddhist cultural monuments were discovered that arose in the days when Termez was one of the centers of Buddhism.
MOSKET COC HUMBASE
PALACE AK SARAI
MUSEUM OF MEMORY OF ULUGBEK
STATE MUSEUM OF HISTORY OF CULTURE OF UZBEKISTAN
COMPLEX DOR-UT TILOVAT
THE COLLAPSE OF AMIR TEMURA
Cave of Daud