South of Samarkand, about 80 kilometers from Samarkand is the most beautiful city of Shakhrisabz – one of the most colorful cities in Uzbekistan. At whatever time, you neither come to this city – you seem to find yourself in a huge green garden. The lush foliage of the trees gives a cool shadow to the inhabitants in the hot summer, and in the evenings the city flares colorful lights, acquiring a magical and festive look.
When you are in this amazing city, it’s hard to believe that the age of this town is more than 2700 years old, and once played an important role in the history of Central Asia. During the existence of the state of Shakhrisabz was called – Kesh, and was the capital of the state. For many years this city was a center of culture, trade and various crafts, and therefore the fame of it grew and expanded, and soon became known far beyond the state. After the seizure of the state by Alexander the Great, the city was flooded with Hellenistic culture. A whole millennium, Shakhrisabz was influenced by a variety of dynasties, and in the 8th century it became a real center of anti-Arab militia.
Today, everyone knows this city to a greater extent thanks to Amir Temur. The great Tamerlane was born in a small village – Khoja-Ilgar, which was not far from Shakhrisabz. As soon as he became ruler, Shakhrisabz became his residence, and it was here that Amir Temur ordered to build a palace – Ak-Saray. By the way, around the same time the city got its modern name – Shakhrisabz, which in translation from Persian means “Green City”.
Until now, many architectural monuments in this fabulous city have been preserved, and the historic center of this city is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. One of the most famous examples of medieval architecture is the ruins of Ak-Saray Palace, the mausoleums of Dor-Us Siyadat, Shamsad-Dina Kulyala, Gumbazi-Seyidan. To preserve and protect these amazing monuments, the city administration carefully plans to build the city, so as not to damage the architectural integrity of the monuments.
Cotton processing, canning, production of agricultural machinery, as well as folk handicrafts occupy a leading place in the city’s economy. Of the latter, carpet weaving, fine embroidery, and the production of skullcaps are the most famous. In this city handicraft has a thousand-year history and for centuries absorbed the culture of the nearest peoples, and the products of local masters have won many times at various international exhibitions and festivals. In addition, Shakhrisabz is known in the winemaker circles for its vintage wines, which have often won first place in the international wine contests.
MOSKET COC HUMBASE
PALACE AK SARAI
MUZOLEUM MUHAMMAD SODIKA
COMPLEX DOR-UT TILOVAT
THE COLLAPSE OF AMIR TEMURA