A greater number of architectural monuments existing in Bukhara date back to the period of 9-20 centuries. One of these monuments, well-preserved mausoleum of Samanids. It is the burial place of the Samanid dynasty, being one of the best examples of the architecture of the period of their rule.
The original architectural style in which this monument of antiquity was made, embodied not only unique, but also a religious connotation. The mausoleum is made in the shape of a dome, which covers a hemispherical dome. In the religious context, the cube is embodiment of stability of the world – the Earth and the dome is represented by the sky. Their Union is a symbol of a merger, amalgamation of the Universe.
The walls of the mausoleum inside and outside lined with figured brickwork of alternating columns of horizontally laid bricks and vertical panels creating a decorative motive of braids. Brick rings, arranged in a chain, encircle the frieze of the mausoleum, recalling the famous series “Sasanian gems”- drilled beads, cut out plaster stucco before Arab palaces of Central Asia and Iran. Samanid mausoleum is deservedly considered a masterpiece of Central Asian architecture – it has achieved a rare architectonics, that is, the unity of structures and architectural design of the building.
Tiling of the mausoleum of Samanids made from brickwork, which alternates horizontally stacked bricks and vertical panels, thereby creating an effect of braids. Brick rings, lined with a chain, encircle mausoleum, which reminds the famous series of “Sasanian gems” – This masterpiece of Central Asian architecture embodies the unity of structures and architectural development of the building.