About Buhara



There in Central Asia is beautiful and mysterious city, with Central Asian residents respectfully called – Holy Bukhara. There is one ancient belief, according to which from heaven to all cities of Islam, receive the blessing of grace light, but Bukhara is not the case – like light rises to the sky. This is not surprising, because Bukhara proudly call – the support of Islam. This city is home to many mosques and tombs of saints, which are revered in Islam.

Bukhara as well as its neighbor Samarkand has a number of important and sacred sites, monuments and just beautiful places where you can just enjoy the view. Over and over Bukhara endured a terrible and merciless war, foray, each time reborn from ashes like a Phoenix, increasing its greatness. Once Bukhara was a center of Great Silk Road and also the capital of one of the great States of Samanids. The rulers of this dynasty made a great contribution to the appearance of Bukhara, by the construction of beautiful buildings, caravanserais, madrasas and mosques. During the reign of this dynasty magnificent buildings such as the Kalyan minaret and Samanids mausoleum were built. As for more modern buildings, some of them        were built by other dynasty –Astrakhanides and Shaybanids in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Today there are preserved not few great buildings, more than 140 monuments with its interesting history, unique style and special character which create mysterious tales. Bukhara is truly a fabulous city where it is easy to imagine yourself as a medieval traveler who walks in ancient neighborhoods and streets, like “through the pages of history.”

The historical center of Bukhara has been internationally recognized as a historical monument when in the early 90-s was included in the list of world cultural heritage by UNESCO.

The History of Bukhara

It is impossible to summarize the history of Bukhara briefly which is more than 2500 years. Before there was appeared the first written remark about Bukhara, there were only stories, tales and legends that were passed from mouth to mouth, each time becoming with more fabulous details. In one of such legends, for appearance Bukhara was obliged Prince Siyavush, who built the famous Ark Fortress, on the carpet from bovine hide, which he cut into thin shreds. The Prince did this deed to marry the daughter of king Afrasiab.

To determine the founding date of the city is almost impossible, since in those days it had many names: there were mentioned such names as PU Ho, Nu Mi, as well as Bikhar and Bukhar. And every people have translated the name of the city in their own way. For example, Chinese and Uighurs assigned the value as “location of idols” and in Sanskrit it meant “monastery”, but where the name Bukhara was taken is still unknown.

At the moment, as mentioned above, the age of Bukhara dates back to approximately 2500 years, while the first mention of it dates back to the 6th century BC, when the settlement was captured by the Persian king Cyrus. Three centuries after him on the territory of Bukhara came Alexander the Great and here already presented the Ark fortress and more than 60 caravan-sarais.

Bukhara endured many conquests and invasions. So in the first millennium it was captured by Kingdom Kushan, then the Ephtalites came in its territory and then the Turkic khanate. But probably the most significant and turning point in the history of Bukhara was its capture of the Arab Caliphate in the early 7th century. They brought with them a new religion – Islam and the forcible imposition of which led to a major uprising “the Movement of people in white clothes”.

In the 9th century the power in Bukhara went to Samanid dynasty. The rulers of this dynasty made Bukhara the capital of their state and began to develop not only trade and this city’s economy, but also culture and science. It was a period when the great scientist Abu Ali IbnSina lived and worked, who in Europe got the name Avicenna.

The most difficult and terrible period in the history of Bukhara was the time from 11 to 13 century. At this time, Karakhanids captured Bukhara, after them came Kara-Khitais and finally devastating conquest was the invasion of Genghis Khan. During his time Bukhara was virtually wiped out the earth and almost all residents were captured in slavery. But Bukhara is really a great and strong city, because soon after the devastating invasion of Genghis Khan it literally rebuilt itself from the ashes. During Temurids period Bukhara got a proper development and became a cultural center of Central Asia.

Yes, Bukhara has seen in its lifetime many –devastation, ups and downs but it trained the city much, it became stronger and more majestic. A thousand year passed and now Buhara is a major industrial and commercial center of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Every year thousands of tourists come to see the remarkable architectural monuments, to visit the shrines and just touch the long history of this city.

Sightseeing

Гостиницы

Заргарон Плаза
Заргарон Плаза

     

Прекрасная гостиница подарит Вам комфортный отдых и позволит насладиться восточным гостеприимством.

Бутик Минзифа
Бутик Минзифа

     

Интерьер этой частной бутик-гостиницы детально воссоздает древний восточный колорит.

Комил Бутик
Комил Бутик

     

Гостиница находится в старинном доме XIX века, где ранее проживала семья зажиточного купца.

Биби-Ханым
Биби-Ханым

     

Уютная гостиница, расположенная недалеко от архитектурного ансамбля Ляби Хауз.