Gur-Emir mausoleum – one of the most famous and significant architectural buildings of the East was erected in the early 15th century in the South-West of Samarkand. Originally the madrasah was the appearance of a typical madrasah with a small yard and served as a place of learning for children of nobles of Samarkand. Right in front of it was Khanaka. These buildings were built on the instructions of the beloved grandson of Amir Temur – Muhammad Sultan, which were planned as the future center of Islamic education. However, the decrees of fate was another and after sudden death of Muhammad in 1403, the purpose of this complex was changed.
Amir Timur was greatly saddened by the death of his grandson and he gave the order to temporarily bury Muhammad in the room of the madrasah, as well as begin construction of a mausoleum.
The architect did a good job and completed the mausoleum in the form of skillful architecture of those times. Unfortunately, Amir Timur couldn’t see finished mausoleum – he died in 1405 and the construction went on under the other his grandson Ulugbek’s control. Despite of the fact that in Shahrisabz the tomb of Tamerlan had already been prepared , Gur-Emir became the resting place of the great ruler and his descendants.
Today, once you enter the hall of the mausoleum you can see the gravestones which mark the location of graves. However, in the hall there are no graves – they are in the basement of the mausoleum and there is no access to them there. Only once these graves were opened and confirmed the peace of the dead in 1941 and it was connected to the famous legend about curse of Tamerlan.